hun bod (17) számú hozzászólásának szövege:
Ruga / Rhuas / Rugila of the Huns, King of the Huns
Rugila also referred to as Ruhas, Ruga and Rua (Greek: ΄Ρούγας, ΄Ροϋνας, ΄Ρωίλας ) , was a warlord who was a major factor in the Huns' early victories over the Roman Empire. Under his command, the Huns invaded Roman territory and, after threatening the capitol, managed to take tribute from the Roman emperor of the time. He also forced the Roman Empire to give up all the rogue Hunnish soldiers they had acquired over the years. This was a big event, because the Roman Empire had come to rely on all of their Hunnish soldiers. His most important act, though was that he united the Huns under his sole kingship by 432. In 434, he was succeeded by his nephews Attila and Bleda. He served as an important forerunner to Attila the Hun during the fifth century AD.
Mundzuk (rendered Mundzucus by Jordanes, Μουνδίουχος by Priscus, 390-434) was a Hunnic prince and brother of Hunnic rulers Octar (Optar) and Rugila (Ruas). Mundzuk was also father of Attila the Hun and Bleda. He is briefly mentioned in Jordanes (Getica 180): "Now this Attila was the son of Mundiuch, and his brothers were Octar and Ruas who are said to have ruled before Attila, though not over quite so many tribes as he."
in the Chronicle of Marcellinus and the mid-6th century Getica of Jordanes. The late 13th century Gesta Hungarorum names "Wele…Chele file filius ex genere Zemen", his brothers "Cuwe et Caducha", and "ducis…Ethela… Bendacuz filius…de genere Erd oriundi" as leaders of the "Huni in Scitia", dating this to 700. The dating is clearly incorrect, and the origin of the names, which bear no resemblance to any names in the earlier sources, is unknown.
Uldin or Uldes
(died 412) was one of the primary chieftains of the Huns located beyond the Danube during the reigns of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Emperors Arcadius (394–408) and Theodosius II (408–450). He did not, however have total control of the Hunnic people, but was a leader of the state's western wing.
He first became known to the Romans in December 400, when he decapitated Gainas, and sent the head to Arcadius as a gift. Five years later, Uldin headed a body of Huns, together with his allies the Scirii, in the service of the western Roman Magister Militum, Stilicho, against the invasion of Goths under Radagaisus.
Uldin's invasion of Moesia in 408 was repulsed, with thousands of his Germanic allies falling into Roman hands. Uldin was forced to retreat.
According to contemporary historical sources, Octar ruled together with his brother Rugila in the form of a dual kingship, similarly like his nephews Attila and Bleda. He is very probably identical with the Hunnic leader Uptaros, who died ca. 430 (allegedly from the excess of food) during a military campaign against the Burgundians on the Rhine. The next day, his army was attacked by the Burgundians and destroyed. After Octar's death, his brother Rugila ruled as a sole king of the Huns until his death ca. 435.
Kuridak de Hunnie, Prince of the Huns (c.336 - c.411)
Születés: 336 - Ukraine
Szülők: Uldin of the Huns, Car Kata
Fiúgyermek: Mundzuk - Bendegúz of the Huns, King
Charaton, King of the Huns
Khan of the Eastern Huns, ca 411-420
Charaton (Olympiodorus of Thebes: Χαράτων ) was said to be the first of the kings of the Huns from c. 410 - 422.
Charaton (Olympiodorus of Thebes: Χαράτων ) also known as Aksungur or Aksuvar, was said to be the first of the kings of the Huns from c. 410–422. It is believed that Charaton ruled mostly the eastern part of the Hunnic Empire. His name in the Turkic language 'Kara-ton' means 'black-dressed'.
In 412, Charaton received the Byzantine ambassador Olympiodorus. Olympiodorus travelled to Charaton’s kingdom by sea, but does not record whether the sea in question was the Black or Adriatic. The former would put Charaton’s Huns somewhere on the Pontic steppe, while the latter would put them on the Pannonian plain.